Rotatory Inverted Pendulum
It requires some skill and practice to balance a rod standing upwards on the palm of one's hand. With the rotatory inverse pendulum, among other things, this challenge can be imitated. The system, here consisting of a pendulum (analogous to the rod), a driven swinging arm (our arm) and a base unit (our body), is nonlinear and in the upper equilibrium state (vertically upright pendulum) also unstable.
A challenge now is to design a controller that stabilizes the pendulum in the upper equilibrium state. Furthermore, challenges can be mastered like the swinging up of the pendulum from the lower equilibrium position (vertically hanging) to the upper one or a pendulum looping (360° rotation).
Condition of the Pendulum before and after Swinging up
The first photo shows the downward directed rod before swinging up, the second photo shows the state of the rod in the upper equilibrium state after swinging up.
Video: Swing up the Pendulum and Pendulum Looping
In this video you can see the pendulum swinging up from the lower equilibrium position and a pendulum looping (360° rotation).
Challenges for the Teaching
- Stabilization of the pendulum in upper equilibrium position
- Stabilization during maneuvers (given swing arm rotations)
- Robustness with respect to disturbances (attacking forces, motor voltage pulses)
- VU Fundamentals of Automatic Control (as a demonstration object)
- VO Digital Control or
- VU State Space Control of MIMO Systems or
- VU Feedback Control or
- VO & UE Adaptive and predictive Control and one of the courses above
- VU Process Control (only for Master Chemical Process Engineering)