The Biomimetics group of Ille C. Gebeshuber deals with physical principles of organisms and their transfer to the human sphere. Most biological functionalities have their origin on the nanoscale: Periodic nanostructures such as appear on wing scales in tropical butterflies cause iridescent structural colours and thermoregulation, nanoscale nail beds on cicada wing surfaces serve as mechanical bactericide, even functional against multidrug resistant bacteria. Microscale structures cause hydrophobicity and controlled water runoff, as can be seen in Lotus leaves. Many such functionalities are structure dependent, and can be transferred to technologically relevant materials.
More information can be found in the following videos and on the personal website of Ille C. Gebeshuber, opens an external URL in a new window!