What kind of professorships exist?

Ideally, the holder of a subject-specific professorship can carry out research and teaching in the given subject area independently and thus a professorship represents the "jewel in the crown" of a university career.

There are a number of designations for professors in Austria (e.g. o.Prof., Associate Prof., Ao.Univ.Prof., etc.), some of which are no longer awarded under the Austrian Universities Act 2002, others which describe the current possible levels of development at a professorial level.


A holder of a full university professorship (O. Univ.-Prof. or o. Univ.-Prof.) was also a federal official. However, this had changed with the Universities Act 2002, as academic and general employees whose service had started after 31 December 2003 are now subject to the Employees Act (§ 108 Universities Act). Of course, people who had acquired the title before 31 December 2003 may continue to use it.

Also from the period prior to 2004 is the "Extraordinary university professor" (Ao. Univ.-Prof. or ao. Univ.-Prof.). This characterises an academic who is currently working at an Austrian university with official status but is part of the so-called "non-professorial teaching staff" of the academic staff.


If you want to pursue an academic career at TU Wien TODAY, the following options are available after completing a relevant PhD programme:

"The university professor" is a professor who has been appointed as a result of an appointments process and is the common name for a University Professor today.
In terms of content, these positions are for people who have many years of research and teaching experience including a Venia Docendi (this is acquired in a habilitation process; for the TU Wien the statute part "Habilitation process, opens an external URL in a new window” applies). However, the route to assuming this position can vary greatly – from a legal point of view – depending on the "type" of professorship advertised.

1. A LONG SELECTION PROCESS is used to select University Professors with a permanent contract (§ 98 professors). This primarily addresses people from outside the TU Wien, although these procedures are of course also open to in-house applications.

2. A FAST TRACK SELECTION PROCESS is used for specific groups of people and temporary employment contracts.
- for appointments for a period of up to five years (known as § 99(1) professorships).
- specifically for the group of University Lecturers (e.g. extraordinary university professors) and Associate Professors. Here posts exists that are anticipated for contracts with a maximum of six years (known as § 99(3) professorships) as well as posts with a permanent contract (known as § 99(4) professorships).

The selection processes per se are outlined under "Structure of an appointment process"
Open calls for applications can be found in our Careers portal, opens an external URL in a new window.

TENURE TRACK (CAREER) POSITIONS are a tool used by universities to develop the next generation of university professors and are therefore only relevant AFTER completing the doctorate. After around six years, these positions should lead to an ASSOCIATE PROFESSORSHIP. The relevant procedure is defined in the "Career positions and qualification agreements, opens a file in a new window" directive and is as follows:

1. Every career position must be advertised publicly and internationally, once the Rector has set up an advisory board (exceptions: applications that have a positively evaluated project within the framework of the FWF excellence programmes START, Herta Firnberg, Elise Richter, or have an ERC grant).
2. Following a selection process including an assessment, the Rector makes a decision based on the Dean's shortlist.
3. Once the employment relationship has started, a QUALIFICATION AGREEMENT should be concluded between TU Wien and the holder of the career post within the first two years. Upon conclusion of the qualification agreement, the employee will receive an employment contract as an ASSISTANT PROFESSOR (Assistant Prof.).
4.The next four years should then be used to "work on" the qualification objectives. These consist of activities in the field of research (publications, lectures, presentations, obtaining external funding, etc.), teaching (holding seminars, academic supervision, etc.), and leadership and management.
5. If the qualification objectives are achieved (this is evidenced by a successful, extensive evaluation with the help of experts), the holder of the career position is entitled to use the title of ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR (Associate Prof.).

According to § 99 para.6,, opens an external URL in a new window of the university law, Associated Professors who have passed an international selection process, including a qualification agreement, belong to the group of University Professors.
Open career positions can be found on our Careers portal, opens an external URL in a new window.

Other possibilities CURRENTLY available after completing a relevant PhD programme are temporary or permanent employment as a senior lecturer (focus on teaching) or a senior scientist (focus on research). You can find advertised positions on our Careers portal, opens an external URL in a new window.