Distinguished PDE Vortragsreihe
Die Distinguished PDE Vortragsreihe soll neue Ideen und wesentliche Beiträge auf dem Gebiet der partiellen Differentialgleichungen und verwandter Gebiete verbreiten. Herausragende Wissenschaftler stellen die neuesten Entwicklungen ihrer Forschung vor und machen ihre aktuellen mathematischen Ideen auch für Nichtfachleute zugänglich.
Isabelle Gallagher, Ecole Normale Superieure, Paris, Frankreich (ESI Medal 2023, CNRS Silver Medal 2016, Invited Speaker at ICM 2014)
Describing fluids: from microscopic to macroscopic equations
Depending on the scale of description, the equations modeling the movement of fluids are very different: Newton's laws describe the evolution of the elementary particles constituting a fluid, whereas Euler or Navier-Stokes equations describe the macroscopic behaviour of a fluid. I will discuss two different, though not unrelated questions related to this. On the one hand one can be interested in the modeling that gives rise to these equations, and in proving that one can pass from one scale of description to the other in a rigorous way (this is in relation with Hilbert's sixth problem). On the other hand solving the equations, and describing their solutions is a challenging problem which is widely open in many situations. I will discuss some results, more or less recent, in both directions.
07. November 2023, 16:00h. Raum BA 10A, 10. Stock, Getreidemarkt 9
Irene Fonseca, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA (director of Center for Nonlinear Analysis, president of SIAM 2013-2014)
Phase separation in heterogeneous media
Modern technologies and biological systems, such as temperature-responsive polymers and lipid rafts, take advantage of engineered inclusions, or natural heterogeneities of the medium, to obtain novel composite materials with specific physical properties. To model such situations by using a variational approach based on the gradient theory, the potential and the wells have to depend on the spatial position, even in a discontinuous way, and different regimes should be considered. In the case where the scale of the small heterogeneities is of the same order of the scale governing the phase transition, the interaction between homogenization and the phase transitions process leads to an anisotropic interfacial energy. In the case where the heterogeneities of the material are of a larger scale than that of the diffuse interface between different phases, it is noted that there is no macroscopic phase separation and thermal fluctuations play a role in the formation of nanodomains. In addition, a characterization of the large-scale limiting behavior of viscosity solutions to nondegenerate and periodic Eikonal equations in half-spaces is given.
23. Juni 2022, 15:20h. Kontaktraum, 6. Stock, Gusshausstraße 25-27
2020 - 2021
Keine Vorträge wegen der Covid-19-Pandemie.
John Ball, Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh, Vereinigtes Königreich (King Faisal International Prize 2018, Theodore von Karman Prize 1999)
Some mathematical problems of liquid crystals
The lecture will discuss some mathematical problems of liquid crystals, including a new proof that stationary solutions to the Onsager equation with the Maier-Saupe interaction are radially symmetric, some remarks on the singular bulk potential introduced by Majumdar and the author, and a description of joint work with Lu Liu on exterior problems in the 2D one-constant Oseen-Frank theory.
05. Dezember 2019, 16:00h. Boecklsaal, Stiege 1, 1. Stock, Karlsplatz 13
Juan Luis Vazquez, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spanien (ICM Plenary Lecturer 2006, member of Royal Science Academy of Spain 2013)
Theories of mathematical diffusion. From old to new
We will first present the mathematical theory of Diffusion and Heat Propagation as seen from the classical point of view of Partial Differential Equations. This will allow us to mention concepts of great beauty and relevance in what follows. We will then introduce our favorite topic of Nonlinear Diffusion, embodied in equations like the Porous Medium Equation, and focused on the existence and properties of the very interesting geometrical objects called Free Boundaries. We will complete the presentation with a review of personal work on diffusion equations involving long distance interactions in the form of Fractional Laplacian Operators. This topic has been intensely developed in the last decade and is still in full bloom.
17. Mai 2018, 16:00h. Getreidemarkt 9, 11. Stock, TUtheSky
Alfio Quarteroni, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Schweiz (ERC Advanced Grant 2008, ERC Proof of Concept 2012 and 2015)
Mathematical and numerical modeling of multiphysics problems, with application to the cardiocirculatory system
Cardiovascular diseases unfortunately represent one of the leading causes of death in Western countries. Mathematical models allow the description of the blood motion in the human circulatory system, as well as the interplay between electrical, mechanical and fluid-dynamical processes occurring in the heart. This is a classical environment where multiphysics processes have to be addressed. Appropriate numerical strategies can be devised to allow for an effective description of the fluid in large and medium size arteries, the analysis of physiological and pathological conditions, and the simulation, control and shape optimization of assisted devices or surgical prostheses. This presentation will address some of these issues and a few representative applications of clinical interest.
06. Juni 2017, 16:00h. Getreidemarkt 9, 11. Stock, TUtheSky
Eduard Feireisl, Charles University, Prag, Tschechien (ERC Advanced Grant 2012)
Stability issues for compressible fluid flow
We present several stability results concerning smooth solutions of the compressible Euler and Navier-Stokes system in the class of measure-valued solutions. We show that strong and measure-valued solutions of these systems coincide as soon as the strong solution exists. The question if any measure-valued solution can be generated by a sequence of weak solutions will be also addressed.
31. Mai 2016, 16:00h. Getreidemarkt 9, 11. Stock, TUtheSky
Martin Hairer, University of Warwick, Vereinigtes Königreich (Fields Medal 2014)
Modelling a random rubber band
A rubber band constrained to remain on a manifold evolves by trying to shorten its length, eventually settling on some minimal closed geodesic, or collapsing entirely. It is natural to try to consider a noisy version of such a model where each segment of the band gets pulled in random directions. Trying to build such a model turns out to be surprisingly difficult and generates a number of nice geometric insights, as well as some beautiful algebraic and analytical objects.
17. Juni 2015, 16:00h. Getreidemarkt 9, 11. Stock, TUtheSky
Roland Donninger, Universität Bonn, Deutschland (Sofja Kovalevskaja Award 2014)
Self-similar blowup in nonlinear wave equations
I discuss some recent progress in the study of stable self- similar blowup in energy-supercritical wave equations. In particular, I present a proof for the stability of the so- called ODE blowup for the energy-supercritical focusing wave equation without symmetry assumptions. This talk is based on joint work with Birgit Schörkhuber.
16. Dezember 2014, 14:00h. Wiedner Hauptstr. 8-10, grüner Bereich, SEM 101