Use of augmented reality for acceptance and quality assurance on construction sites
The AR-AQ-Bau research project aimed to develop an augmented reality (AR) system for construction sites.
The construction industry has been one of the sectors least affected by digitalisation. This is particularly true for construction, which has been less covered by digitalisation through BIM than planning.
Contents and objectives
The AR-AQ-Bau project developed an advanced AR system for the acceptance of HVAC systems in the area of building services. The starting point is the BIM model. All information in the BIM model is available to all those involved in the construction project. For the first time, it is kept continuously up-to-date in a closed-loop approach (BIM closed-loop data transmission system). Through this so-called "closed-loop data communication", construction progress and as-built inventories can be marked in the AR model on the construction site and thus kept up to date. The project focused on interaction options for transferring comments, images and new component information into the AR model and then back into the BIM model ("closed-loop"). In this way, this information is available to all those involved in the construction at all times. With a remote expert system (Video, opens an external URL in a new window), external experts connect with the site personnel to support the execution control. They see the same AR model and can insert instructions to the people on-site into this AR model. These functions increase the quality of the completed buildings, as some errors are discovered in the first place. Another challenge in the project was the reliable anchoring of the AR models in the construction site environment. The tracking systems currently available cannot cope with the difficult conditions on construction sites and must therefore be adapted accordingly.
The first step was an application and requirements analysis of augmented reality in the planning, construction and operation phases, focusing on the construction phase. Then, with the help of experts, the team determined the requirements for tools, tracking, layouts and workflows for HVAC acceptance and for the remote expert system (viideo) and attempted to implement them in the AR quality assurance tool. All developments (including data exchange, tracking, remote expert system, and layouts) were tested in practice by ÖBA on renowned construction projects (including Future Art Lab and St. Pölten University Hospital). Among other things, the research team evaluated the suitability of the construction site, the accuracy of the tracking system, the setup time of the AR model, the change in documentation, user satisfaction, and a possible increase in the quality and energy efficiency of buildings on the construction site. The project combines research expertise from construction operations, AR, BIM, and international engineering experience.
Bauingenieur Bd. 95 (2020), Nr. 10, opens an external URL in a new window, page 379-388:
Augmented Reality im Bauwesen: Teil 1 - Anwendungs- und Anforderungsanalyse (pdf), opens a file in a new window
Bauingenieur Bd. 95 (2020), Nr. 12, opens an external URL in a new window, page 501-508:
Augmented Reality im Bauwesen: Teil 2 - Baustellentaugliches Trackingsystem (pdf), opens a file in a new window
Video: Daqri Remote Expert System
FCP Fritsch, Chiari & Partner ZT GmbH
TU Wien, IMS
Institute of Visual Computing and Human-Centered Technology
Computer Graphics Research Group
Daqri Holographics GmbH & Co KG
FFG City of Tomorrow, 5th call for proposals
Topic area 1: Digital planning, building and operation
Project duration: 01.10.2018 until 31.12.2020
„, opens an external URL in a new windowCity of Tomorrow, opens an external URL in a new window“ " is a research and technology programme of the Federal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology. It is managed on behalf of the BMVIT by the Austrian Research Promotion Agency, the Austria Wirtschaftsservice Gesellschaft mbH and the Austrian Society for Environment and Technology (ÖGUT).