In the past few years, fractality is increasingly being used to describe complex structures in nature. It has recently been considered a valuable tool for analysing, understanding and designing smart grids. LINK , opens an external URL in a new windowresearch area is based on fractal principles to develop comprehensive architecture and control framework to avoid the growing and unmanageable patchwork of grid implementations that are not sustainable on a large scale. Scientists should discuss and develop coordinated and harmonised operation and planning procedures for transmission and distribution grids combined with the flexible usage of customer devices, guaranteeing a reliable power supply. Additionally, considering the high requirements for data privacy and cyber security, new solutions will be necessary to perform dynamic optimisations in real-time, closed loops and to enable Sector Coupling and Energy Communities. >>>, opens an external URL in a new window

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