Challenges and Solutions


Parking is a challenge for cities everywhere, but especially for cities in low- and middle-income countries. There, cities are experiencing rapid urbanization and increasing motorization, while investment capacity for parking infrastructure is limited, and despite the availability of free on-street parking, it is not used in an efficient and coordinated way.

This book is meant to act as a resource for those managing urban parking challenges, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. This openAccess book can provide immediate guidance to city authorities, engineering firms, and urban planners worldwide and help develop data-driven solutions for smarter cities. The first part of this book portrays geospatial technologies in the context of urban mobility in smart cities. The second part focuses on implementing those technologies in parking management in low and middle-income countries.


Geospatial Technologies for Urban Mobility: Introduction
Stephan Winter and Salil Goel
Pages 2–6

Reference Systems for Urban Mobility
Balasubramanian Nagarajan
Pages 7–21

Tracking Urban Mobility
Stephan Winter
Pages 22–41

Navigation in Urban Environments
Salil Goel
Pages 42–60

Computer Vision Techniques for Urban Mobility
Kourosh Khoshelham
Pages 61–76

Urban Mobility and Parking Demand
Stephan Winter
Pages 77–97

Parking as a Challenge for Urban Mobility: Introduction
Stephan Winter and Salil Goel
Pages 99–103

The Nature of Urban Parking
Stephan Winter
Pages 104–115

A Review of Smart Car Parking as IoT Systems
Ali Aliedani and Seng W. Loke
Pages 116–131

Sensors for Parking Occupancy Detection
Kourosh Khoshelham
Pages 132–142

Parking Occupancy Detection and Slot Delineation Using Deep Learning: A Tutorial
Debaditya Acharya and Kourosh Khoshelham
Pages 143–173

Reducing Parking Pressure by Sharing Resources
Yaoli Wang
Pages 174–183

Mapping Parking Spaces Using Crowd-Sourced Trajectories
Subhrasankha Dey, Salil Goel, Martin Tomko, and Stephan Winter
Pages 184–198

    Product information

    Publication date: July 2021
    Size: 217 pages
    Format: 24 x 17 cm
    Language: Englisch

    DOI: 10.34727/2021/isbn.978-3-85448-045-7
    ISBN (E-Book): 978-3-85448-045-7
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