Short description of the Erasmus+ programme 2014-2020
(Extract from the Erasmus+ Programme Guide)
Erasmus+ is the EU Programme in the fields of education, training, youth and sport for the period 2014-2020. Erasmus+ is the result of the integration of the following European programmes implemented by the Commission during the period 2007-2013:
- The Lifelong Learning Programme
- The Youth in Action Programme
- The Erasmus Mundus Programme
- Programmes of cooperation with industrialised countries in the field of higher education.
Erasmus+ aims at going beyond these programmes, by promoting synergies and cross-fertilisation throughout the different fields of education, training and youth, removing artificial boundaries between the various Actions and project formats.
The Programme has an overall indicative financial envelope of 14.774 billion EUR under Heading 1 and of 1.680 billion EUR under Heading 4 of the EU Budget for the seven years (2014-2020).
In order to achieve its objectives, the Erasmus+ Programme implements the following 5 Actions:
KEY ACTION 1 – Mobility of Individuals
This Key Action supports:
- Mobility of learners and staff: opportunities for students, trainees and young people, as well as for professors, teachers, trainers, youth workers, staff of education institutions and civil society organisations to undertake a learning and/or professional experience in another country;
- Erasmus Mundus Joint Master Degrees: high-level integrated international study programmes delivered by consortia of higher education institutions that award full degree scholarships to the best master students worldwide;
- Erasmus+ Master Loans: higher education students from Programme Countries can apply for a loan backed up by the Programme to go abroad for a full Master Degree. Students should address themselves to national banks or student loan agencies participating in the scheme.
KEY ACTION 2 – COOPERATION FOR INNOVATION AND THE EXCHANGE OF GOOD PRACTICES
This Key Action supports:
- Transnational Strategic Partnerships aimed to develop initiatives addressing one or more fields of education training and youth and promote innovation, exchange of experience and know-how between different types of organisations involved in education, training and youth or in other relevant fields. Certain mobility activities are supported in so far as they contribute to the objectives of the project;
- Knowledge Alliances between higher education institutions and enterprises which aim to foster innovation, entrepreneurship, creativity, employability, knowledge exchange and/or multidisciplinary teaching and learning;
- Sector Skills Alliances supporting the design and delivery of joint vocational training curricula, programmes and teaching and training methodologies, drawing on evidence of trends in a specific economic sector and skills needed in order to perform in one or more professional fields;
- Capacity-building projects supporting cooperation with Partner Countries in the fields of higher education and youth. Capacity-building projects aim to support organisations/institutions and systems in their modernisation and internationalisation process. Certain types of capacity-building projects support mobility activities in so far as they contribute to the objectives of the project;
- IT support platforms, such as eTwinning, the School Education Gateway, the European Platform for Adult Learning (EPALE) and the European Youth Portal, offering virtual collaboration spaces, databases of opportunities, communities of practice and other online services for teachers, trainers and practitioners in the field of school and adult education as well as for young people, volunteers and youth workers across Europe and beyond. In addition, since 2018, the Erasmus+ Virtual Exchange initiative offers intercultural learning experiences between young people in Europe and the Southern Mediterranean countries.
KEY ACTION 3 – SUPPORT FOR POLICY REFORM
This Key Action supports:
- Knowledge in the fields of education, training and youth for evidence-based policy making and monitoring;
- Initiatives for policy innovation;
- Support to European policy tools to facilitate transparency and recognition of skills and qualifications, as well as the transfer of credits, to foster quality assurance, support validation of non-formal and informal learning, skills management and guidance;
- Cooperation with international organisations with highly recognised expertise and analytical capacity (such as the OECD and the Council of Europe), to strengthen the impact and added value of policies in the fields of education, training and youth;
- Stakeholder dialogue, policy and Programme promotion involving public authorities, providers and stakeholders in the fields of education, training and youth for raising awareness about the European policy agendas.
JEAN MONNET ACTIVITIES
The Jean Monnet Activities will support:
- Academic Modules, Chairs, Centres of Excellence in order to deepen teaching in European integration studies embodied in an official curriculum of a higher education institution, as well as to conduct, monitor and supervise research on EU content, also for other educational levels such as teacher training and compulsory education.
- Policy debate with academic world, supported through: a) Networks to enhance cooperation between different universities throughout Europe and around the world, foster cooperation and create a high knowledge exchange platform with public actors and the Commission services on highly relevant EU subjects; b) Projects for innovation and cross-fertilisation and spread of EU content aimed to promote discussion, reflection on EU issues and to enhance knowledge about the EU and its processes;
- Support to associations, to organise and carry out statutory activities of associations dealing with EU studies and EU issues, and to publicize EU facts among a wider public enhancing active European citizenship.
Actions in the field of sport will support:
- Collaborative Partnerships, aimed at promoting the integrity of Sport (anti-doping, fight against match fixing, protection of minors), supporting innovative approaches to implement EU principles on good governance in sport, …;
- Not-for-profit European sport events, granting individual organisations in charge of the preparation, organisation and follow-up to a given event;
- Strengthening of the evidence base for policy making;
- Dialogue with relevant European stakeholders.
WHO CAN PARTICIPATE IN THE ERASMUS+ PROGRAMME?
The conditions of access to the Programme relate to these two actors:
- Individuals (students, trainees, apprentices, pupils, adult learners, young people, volunteers, professors, teachers, trainers, youth workers, professionals of organisations active in the fields of education, training and youth, etc.);
- Organisations (higher education institutions, schools, enterprises, research institutes, educational centres, public bodies at local, regional or national level, schools, non-profit organisations, etc.).
As a general rule, organisations participating in Erasmus+ projects must be established in a Programme Country. Some Actions are also open to participating organisations from Partner Countries, notably in the field of higher education and youth.
The Erasmus+ Programme is open to the following countries:
A) Programme countries
The following countries can fully take part in all the Actions of the Erasmus+ Programme:
- Member States of the European Union (EU): Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom;
- Non EU Programme Countries: former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Turkey, Serbia.
B) Partner Countries
The following countries can take part in certain Actions of the Programme, subject to specific criteria or conditions (for more information, please consult Part B of this Guide):
Partner Countries Neighbouring the EU:
- Western Balkan countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro;
- Eastern Partnership countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Territory of Ukraine as recognised by international law;
- South-Mediterranean countries: Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Syria, Tunisia;
- Russian Federation: Territory of Russia as recognised by international law.
Other Partner Countries:
- Some Actions of the Programme are open to any Partner Country of the world, subject to specific criteria or conditions (for more information, please consult Part B of the Erasmus+ Guide).
Erasmus+ Charter for Higher Education (ECHE):
The Erasmus+ Charter for Higher Education (ECHE) forms a legal basis for the participation of higher education institutions based in the programme countries in the Erasmus+ programme. The Charter entitles higher education institutions to apply for funding for all kinds of activities which are available to universities under the EU education programme Erasmus+. This applies both to projects financed by the Austrian National Agency (OeAD Wien) and to international projects financed by the European Commission (EACEA Brussels).