A data paper is a publication of documented data sets in a data journal. The accompanying documentation describes how, when and why the data was collected and what the product contains.
A data paper should consist of at least the following sections:
- introduction (context information and an explanation of the data set's potential)
- methods (type of data collection, sampling methods, materials and codes used, usage licences)
- description of the data set (descriptors and identifiers of the data)
A list of data journals which primarily publish data papers can be found here: forschungsdaten.org.